Dental Check up with needful X ray
Gum disease or Periodontal disease is a progressive inflammatory disease of the gingival and the surrounding tissue (bone) around the teeth.
Common gum problems
Inflammation of the gums or gingivitis is a common problem caused by too much bacteria. The main symptom of gingivitis is bleeding of the gums, especially when you are brushing your teeth. If inflamed, swollen gums are treated early the problem is reversible and regular flossing and brushing your teeth can prevent gingivitis from reoccurring.
Medically compromised patients. Specially diabetic patients, Cardiac Patients should have a special care of the gums.
This treatment is used to clean the exposed roots due to severe gum diseases. Special tooth pastes and mouth washes, brushing techniques interdental brushing, flossing will help to control the problem easily and quickly.
It is general dentistry and more. It has the added dimension of art. There are all the functional requirements, and, in addition, the dentist must pay close attention to the appearance of the dental work. Doing this requires special materials. Ceramic and composite technology has advanced to the point where beautiful AND durable dental work can be provided to each patient
What is a smile makeover?
A smile makeover involves one or more cosmetic, dental or facial rejuvenation procedures to improve the aesthetics of your smile. A smile makeover to one person could mean something completely different to another, and it is a very individual choice. For example, some people want the perfectly white Hollywood smile makeover, or the celebrity smile with pearly white porcelain veneers. Other people may just want a simple improvement, such as the replacement of amalgam fillings with composite and teeth whitening.
One difference between a cosmetic dentist and a general dentist is that a cosmetic dentist, before doing any cosmetic dentistry work that involves multiple front teeth, will often perform a smile design consultation. Cosmetic dentists understand that communication with the patient over what they expect, what they want their teeth to look like, is critical to their success. Cosmetic dentistry is a self-esteem service. As such, if the result is not pleasing to the patient, the treatment is a failure. In order for you to be happy with the result, you need to have strong input into the artistic planning of your smile. Our cosmetic Dental surgeon and her team is quite capable of planning and implementing the best smile which you dream of.
Teeth Whitening (bleaching)
Teeth whitening (bleaching) have become very popular in all over the world. It is easy, effective, and relatively inexpensive to have done. Everyone wants whiter teeth. For a better looking smile.
Tooth color is complex. There are colors on the surface of the tooth and colors within the tooth.
Some of the strongest complaints we get from people who e-mail us is that their dentist didn't get the color of the tooth right. For many dentists, this is definitely a weak spot. A little about this subject is taught in dental school, but for a dentist to really understand it requires special courses, a strong desire to improve his or her esthetic skills, and a certain amount of natural aptitude. A good cosmetic dentist needs to master this subject.
The basic parameters of color are hue, saturation, and luminance. The dentist needs to add to this an expert understanding of translucency, reflectivity, and transmission. It isn't an easy subject.
The three types of tooth stains:
- There are superficial stains that exist only on the surface of the teeth. Ordinary toothpastes will remove most of these. If they are more tenacious, they may need to be removed by a professional cleaning or with a stain-dissolving toothpaste such as Supersmile whitening toothpaste. When you see advertising claims for whitening toothpastes, these are the types of stains they remove.
- There are embedded stains that have soaked into the teeth. The two worst kinds of these are tobacco stains and coffee stains. They can become quite pronounced. After a lifetime of smoking, your teeth can become a serious shade of brown. Toothpastes and professional cleanings won't remove these. These require a professional tooth whitening treatment. For these treatments, a peroxide gel is allowed to soak into your teeth for a period of time. The gel releases oxygen inside your tooth, which chemically bleaches the stain and eliminates it.
- There are structural stains that are present from when the tooth was formed. All teeth have some degree of intrinsic color, and there are genetic variations of varying amounts of color that people have, the same as with skin color. So some people have teeth that are just naturally yellow or gray. In addition, there is a particularly nasty gray-brown color that is the result of taking the antibiotic tetracycline while your teeth are forming. These tetracycline stains are made a part of the structure of your tooth and are very difficult to bleach out.
Another structural stain is fluorosis teeth stain. This is caused by consuming too much fluoride, and results in white or brown spotting. This can't be treated by bleaching—the stains need to be covered with direct dental bonding or porcelain veneers.
If your teeth are genetically a little on the dark side, tooth bleaching will still whiten them. You can also bleach tetracycline stains, but since they are so intense, you will not likely reach a really white tooth by bleaching alone and will have to cover them with porcelain veneers or another type of treatment.
In dentistry, a veneer is a thin layer of restorative material placed over a tooth surface, either to improve the aesthetics of a tooth, or to protect a damaged tooth surface. There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer, composite and dental porcelain. A composite veneer may be directly placed (built-up in the mouth), or indirectly fabricated by a dental technician in a dental laboratory, and later bonded to the tooth, typically using a resin cement.
- Correction of Malocclusion
- Smile designing including gap closing any age group
- Dental Fillings
- Root canal Treatment
- Crown & Bridge Work
If a single spot on one of your teeth is not cleaned daily, the remaining bacteria will transform themselves into a sticky film substance called plaque. The plaque will produce acids which eat away at the enamel of the tooth and will eventually cause cavities. When the cavity gets through the enamel, into the underlying tooth structure (the dentin), repair or restoration is necessary..
The repair depends on the severity of the dental decay.
- To prevent the decay- pit and fissure sealants should be applied on the occlusal surface of teeth.
- To reverse the slightest decay- fluoride application should be given to teeth biannually specially to children.
- To fix superficial cavities caused by mild tooth decay-tooth colored fillings are required.
- For severe decay involving pulp (nerves) - root canal treatment is required.
- For extreme cases of decay- extraction may be required.
Types of Dental Fillings
Composite Resin Fillings
There are no known health risks of receiving composite fillings. Composite resin dental fillings were created as an alternative to traditional metal dental fillings. Tooth fillings colored to look like a natural tooth are known as Composite Resin Dental Fillings, are made of a plastic dental resin. Composite Resin Dental Fillings are strong, durable, and make for a very natural looking smile. Many dental insurance plans cover their use.
Inlays and Onlays
If over half of your molar tooth's biting surface is decayed an inlay or onlay may be a better option than a filling. These options are basically for when more than a filling is needed but less than a crown will do. An inlay is placed in between the cusps of the tooth, whereas an onlay will cover one or more of the cusps. They can be made of a gold alloy, porcelain or tooth-colored resin and are cemented into place.
A crown is a tooth cap which covers the tooth to restore its shape, size, function and strength.
A crown is recommended in following situations:
- To restore a large filling when there isn't enough tooth structure remaining.
- After a root canal treatment to prevent the tooth from fracture.
- Placed on the top of dental implant to provide form, function and aesthetic of a natural tooth.
- To restore the fractured tooth.
- Can be used in smile makeover/smile designing cases.
- To improve the appearance of a discolored or poorly shaped tooth.
Types of Crowns
- Porcelain fused to metal crowns
- All porcelain crowns
A bridge is used to replace one or more missing teeth by "bridging" the gap between two remaining teeth.
Gaps left by missing teeth cause various problems like rotation or shifting of adjacent teeth which results in disturbing the bite.
Thus a bridge helps to:
- Prevent the rotation or tilting of adjacent teeth into empty places.
- Prevent the bad bite due to shifting of adjacent teeth.
- Prevent the supra eruption of opposing tooth.
- Prevent the gum diseases.
- Prevent the TMJ disorder that results due to imbalance of bite.
- Prevent the decay of adjacent teeth.
Temporary bridges are done in our clinic within 24 hours (Your shaky/ Damaged teeth will be replaced with fixed bridges on the same day)
- Case 1 : Implants
- Case 2 : Bone grafting
- Case 3 : Sinus lift
What is a Sinus Lift?
A sinus lift is a bone grafting procedure that is sometimes performed as a part of preparing a site for a dental implant. A sinus lift is required in those instances where the amount of bone found in a patient's upper jaw (in the region originally occupied by their bicuspid or molar teeth) is inadequate to accommodate the planned implant.
Situations where sinus lift surgery will be needed.
There can be several reasons why the amount of bone found in the patient's upper jawbone might be insufficient to accommodate a dental implant. Some of them include:
A) The patient's normal jaw anatomy presents complications.
The relative size and shape of any individual's upper jaw, and the size and shape of their maxillary sinus, will vary. (The size of the sinus can also change with age.) While stated very simplistically, any one person may have a combination of a relatively small upper jaw and relatively large sinus which together create a situation where there is an insufficient amount of bone for the placement of a tooth implant.
B)The patient has experienced bone loss due to gum disease.
In situations where advance periodontal disease (gum disease) is present, the bone that surrounds and supports the person's teeth is damaged. In the most severe cases, significant amounts of bone can be lost from around the person's teeth, to the point where there is no longer an adequate amount of bone in which to place a tooth implant.
C)Bone resorption associated with previous tooth extractions.
When teeth are extracted the bone that originally held the teeth in place will under go a process called resorption. The net effect of this process is that much of the bone in the region originally occupied by the tooth is lost, possibly to the point where there is an insufficient amount of bone in which to place a dental implant.
The magnitude of post tooth extraction bone loss can be as much as 40 to 60 percent within the first three years after teeth have been removed. Beyond that point, the rate of bone loss typically subsides substantially. The cause of post extraction bone resorption is typically attributed to disuse atrophy, decreased blood supply, localized inflammation and/or unfavorable pressure from a dental appliance (denture or partial denture).
What types of bone-graft materials are used with the sinus lift procedure?
Several different types of bone-graft materials can be utilized with sinus lift surgery. In some instances the patient's own bone will be used, such as bone harvested from another location in the patient's mouth or else from other bones (including the hip (iliac crest) or shin bone (tibia)).
In other instances, prepared bone (frozen bone, freeze-dried bone, demineralized freeze-dried bone), either human or from another species (i.e. bovine), can be purchased from a tissue bank for use. Another alternative involves the use of synthetically derived graft material such as hydroxyapatite
- Correction of Facial Deformities
- Removal of Cyst/lump
- Removal of Impacted molars
- Cleft lip & Cleft palate repair
CORRECTION OF FACIAL DEFORMITIES
In 20% of the population there is a significant malrelationship in the size of the upper and lower jaws. Many of these patients can be treated by orthodontics. However, in more severe cases surgery must be performed to correct the problem.
A severe malrelationship of the upper and/or lower jaws may require orthognathic surgery to correct. This type of surgery moves the upper and/or lower jaws into a normal relationship and requires hospitalization. This surgery also usually requires pre-operative and post-operative orthodontic care.
- Establishment of proper upper and lower jaw relationship
- Improvement in speech and chewing function
- Establishment of proper functional relationship of dentition
- Improved esthetics and self-image
CLEFT LIP AND PALATE REPAIR
Cleft lip and cleft palate repair is surgery to fix birth defects of the upper lip and palate (roof of the mouth).
A cleft lip is a birth defect:
- A cleft lip may be just a small notch in the lip. It may also be a complete split in the lip that goes all the way to the base of the nose.
- A cleft palate can be on one or both sides of the roof of the mouth. It may go the full length of the palate.
- YYour child may have one or both of these conditions at birth.
Most times, cleft lip repair is done when the child is 6 to 12 weeks old.
For cleft lip surgery, your child will have general anesthesia (asleep and not feeling pain). The surgeon will trim the tissues and sew the lip together. The stitches will be very small so that the scar is as small as possible. Most of the stitches will absorb into the tissue as the scar heals, so they will not have to be removed later.
Most times, cleft palate repair is done when the child is older, between 9 months and 1 year old. This allows the palate to change as the baby grows. Doing the repair when the child is this age will help prevent further speech problems as the child develops.
In cleft palate repair, your child will have general anesthesia (asleep and not feeling pain). Tissue from the roof of the mouth may be moved over to cover the soft palate. Sometimes a child will need more than 1 surgery to completely close the palate.
During these procedures, the surgeon may also need to repair the tip of your child’s nose. This surgery is called rhino past
Total Reconstruction of the mouth
Full mouth reconstruction, full mouth rehabilitation and full mouth restoration are terms often used interchangeably to describe the process of rebuilding or simultaneously restoring all of the teeth in both the upper and lower jaws.
Full mouth reconstruction typically involves general or restorative dentists (performing procedures like crowns, bridges and veneers), and can incorporate dental specialists like periodontists (specializing in the gums), oral surgeons, orthodontists (specializing in tooth movements and positions) and endodontists (specializing in the tooth pulp).
The need for full mouth reconstruction may result from:
- Teeth that have been lost due to decay or trauma
- Teeth that have been injured or fractured
- TTeeth that have become severely worn as a result of long-term acid erosion (foods, beverages, acid reflux) or tooth grinding
- Ongoing complaints of jaw, muscle and headache pain requiring adjustments to the bite (occlusion)
- Acrylic dentures
- Co Cr Dentures