If a single spot on one of your teeth is not cleaned daily, the remaining bacteria will transform themselves into a sticky film substance called plaque. The plaque will produce acids which eat away at the enamel of the tooth and will eventually cause cavities. When the cavity gets through the enamel, into the underlying tooth structure (the dentin), repair or restoration is necessary.
The repair depends on the severity of the dental decay
To prevent the decay- pit and fissure sealants should be applied on the occlusal surface of teeth.
To reverse the slightest decay- fluoride application should be given to teeth biannually specially to children.
To fix superficial cavities caused by mild tooth decay-tooth colored fillings are required.
For severe decay involving pulp (nerves) - root canal treatment is required.
For extreme cases of decay- extraction may be required.
Types of Dental Fillings
Composite gnResin Fillings
There are no known health risks of receiving composite fillings. Composite resin dental fillings were created as an alternative to traditional metal dental fillings. Tooth fillings colored to look like a natural tooth are known as Composite Resin Dental Fillings, are made of a plastic dental resin. Composite Resin Dental Fillings are strong, durable, and make for a very natural looking smile. Many dental insurance plans cover their use.
Inlays and Onlays
If over half of your molar tooth's biting surface is decayed an inlay or onlay may be a better option than a filling. These options are basically for when more than a filling is needed but less than a crown will do. An inlay is placed in between the cusps of the tooth, whereas an onlay will cover one or more of the cusps. They can be made of a gold alloy, porcelain or tooth-colored resin and are cemented into place.
A crown is a tooth cap which covers the tooth to restore its shape, size, function and strength.
A crown is recommended in following situations:
- To restore a large filling when there isn't enough tooth structure remaining.
- After a root canal treatment to prevent the tooth from fracture.
- Placed on the top of dental implant to provide form, function and aesthetic of a natural tooth.
- To restore the fractured tooth.
- Can be used in smile makeover/smile designing cases.
- To improve the appearance of a discoloured or poorly shaped tooth.
Types of Crowns
- Porcelain fused to metal crowns
- All porcelain crowns
A bridge is used to replace one or more missing teeth by "bridging" the gap between two remaining teeth.
Gaps left by missing teeth cause various problems like rotation or shifting of adjacent teeth which results in disturbing the bite.
Thus a bridge helps to:
- Prevent the rotation or tilting of adjacent teeth into empty places.
- Prevent the bad bite due to shifting of adjacent teeth.
- Prevent the supra eruption of opposing tooth.
- Prevent the gum diseases.
- Prevent the TMJ disorder that results due to imbalance of bite.
- Prevent the decay of adjacent teeth.
Temporary bridges are done in our clinic within 24 hours (Your shaky/ Damaged teeth will be replaced with fixed bridges on the same day)